Luce Irigaray is a Belgian-born French feminist, philosopher, linguist, psycholinguist, psychoanalyst and cultural theorist. She is best known for her works Speculum of the Other Woman () and. The Canon: Speculum of the Other Woman. By Luce Irigaray. September 10, Share on twitter · Share on facebook · Share on linkedin · Share on whatsapp. Speculum of the Other Woman: Luce Irigaray: Speculum de l’autre femme ( ; Speculum of the Other Woman), which was highly critical of Freudian and.

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Take that Plato and Lacan. Since Irigaray agrees with Lacan that one must enter language culture in order to be a subject, she believes that language itself must change if women are to have their own subjectivity that is recognized at a cultural level. Refresh and try again.

Further, inclusion of women in the current form of subjectivity is othet the solution. No trivia or quizzes yet.

However, the body that an infant attributes to him or herself is not objectively understood-it is the mind’s understanding of the body. Luce Irigaray received a bachelor’s degree from the University of Louvain in and a master’s degree from the same university in and taught at a high school in Brussels from to Amazon Inspire Digital Educational Resources. Irigaray believes that if women are not understood in Western culture, it is because Western culture has yet to accept alternate paradigms for understanding them.

But, the difficulty of her work can be equally productive as it is labor intensive.

All women were labeled as mothers or potential mothers. Two main discourses that maintain a strong presence throughout her work are psychoanalysis, with Sigmund Freud and Jacques Lacan as its representatives, and philosophy. Women are therefore marked by absence and the two sexes become one.

The “to” is a verbal barrier against appropriating or subjugating the other. Speculum of the Other Woman. While many contemporary interpreters now accept this view, strategic essentialism remains a controversial aspect of Irigaray’s work. In other words, according to Lacan, one’s understanding of one’s body occurs only in conjunction with an organization in language and image that begins in the mirror stage, and is further complicated by the next stage spwculum ego formation-entrance into the Symbolic order.


Return to the Name of the Father. She holds two doctoral degrees-one in Philosophy and the other in Linguistics. Irigaray believes that language systems are malleable, and largely determined by power relationships that are in flux.

Speculum of the Other Woman: New Edition

From this perspective, female subjectivity oyher like a deformed or insufficiently developed form of male subjectivity. For example, her method of mimesis resembles Derridian deconstruction. History of Western Philosophy. One among many unique claims of Lacan’s is that the infant specuulm sexual difference in his or her relationship to the Phallus. Cecil Lawson rated it really liked it Mar 07, Noted also is that in her writings, Irigaray has stated a concern that an interest in her biography would affect the iriggaray of her ideas as the entrance of women into intellectual discussions has often also included the challenging of women’s point of view based on biographical material.

Freud’s work has served as a starting point for diverse psychoanalytic theories such as drive theory, object relations theory, and ego psychology.

Speculum of the Other Woman

InIrigaray published This Sex Which is Not One Ce sexe qui n’en est pas un which was subsequently translated into English with that title and published inalong with Speculum. Freud attempts to explain female subjectivity and sexuality according to a male model. Yet, this becomes metaphorical for the positioning of women in the ultimate schema of Western discourse, whether consciously or not, intentionally or not. University of Texas Press, Democracy Begins Between Two. According to Irigaray, since Freud was unable to imagine another perspective, his reduction of women to male experience resulted in viewing women as defective men.


An accessible compilation of key essays by Lacan on feminine sexuality. She says that ethics requires that men and women understand themselves as embodied subjects. Referring to the French language as a clear example-even though she believes that the structure of the English language does not exempt it from sexism-she discusses the dominance of the masculine in both the plural and the neuter, which takes the same form as the masculine.

It is language that makes or breaks one’s self-view of gender. She was relieved of her teaching post at the University of Vincennes and was ostracized by the Lacanian community.

The myth is also an example of men exchanging women as if they were commodities. Interesting discussion of strategic essentialism.

There is no other text that attempts to do readings of major texts within the Western philosophical tradition using Lacanian, Derridean, and feminist tools. The mother participates in a larger social context dominated by the Symbolic order.

Like the psychoanalytic session, her texts are a collaboration between writer analyst and reader analysand. Irigaray has been actively engaged in the feminist movement in Italy.

Her exchange value is determined by society, while her use value is her natural qualities. Google Books no proxy Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University’s proxy server Configure custom proxy use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy.

KaganMarlaine C. Irigaray argues that both men and women have to reconfigure their subjectivity tue that they both understand themselves as belonging equally to nature and culture.