Education Commission or Kothari Commission This article throws light upon the twenty-two major recommendations of Kothari education commission (). The recommendations are: 1. Education and. PRINCIPAL RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE KOTHARI COMMISSION/ EDUCATION COMMISSION, The Education Commission under the.
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The modified Three Language Formula should include the following: An effective programme of social studies is essential 1964-6 the development of good citizenship and emotional integration. Ten years of schooling should cover a primary stage of 7 or 8 years and a lower secondary stage of 3 or 2 years providing a course of general education without any specialisation.
Academic aspect includes the preparation of text books, try out and evaluation by State Education Department. Special attention should be given to books for children and to university- level books in regional languages. India must not only keep up this growth but should also make her own significant contribution to it. Ocmmission also advised for reduction of national holidays. Mention two unique features of the commission in the given space.
It is important for us to know the features that have made this commission a unique commission from other earlier commissions.
The commission made the following suggestions with regards to evaluation at different stage education: Teachers must, therefore, be accorded an honoured place in society. Production of books and literature, particularly scientific and technical, in regional languages.
Special emphasis needs to be laid on the study of English and other international languages. Duration of the first degree should not be less than 3 years and the duration of the second degree to be 2 to 3 years; 2.
Kothari Education Commission ()
Efforts to be made to spread Hindi in non-Hindi speaking areas, as it are the official language of the union and the lingua-franca of the people. Secondary schools should be of two types: Terms of reference 3. Schools should be given the freedom to devise and experiment with new curricula suited to their needs. The UGC should give grants to such teachers to do research in various fields. Report of the Education Commission, – Vol I: Lower primary level 1 to 4 .
Programmes should be developed to reduce the prevailing wastage and stagnation in schools and to ensure universal enrollment. Therefore, a common school system of public education should be introduced in a phased manner spread over twenty years.
At this stage, the three year degree has been favoured by the Commission. Promoting Social and national Integration. Retrieved from ” https: Degree course should be of 3 years. The commission recommended that the first external examination should be held at the end of class X and the second after class XII which will be end of the higher secondary stage. The ultimate objective should be to introduce adequate guidance services in all secondary schools with a trained counselor in charge of the programme.
For this, it has suggested the common school system of public education, a nation-wide programme of school improvement, re-organisation of the education department and revitalizing the system of supervision.
Kothari Education Commission (1964-66)
Steps should be taken immediately to devise suitable techniques for identifying kothai at this stage. Revision of curricula should be based on such research; 3. Strenuous efforts should be made to equalize educational opportunity.
It has to be entirely reformed and related to the life, needs and aspirations of the people so that it may serve as a powerful tool of social, economic and cultural transformation. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Let Us Sum Up 7. The states and Union Territories should then adopt equivalent or higher scales to pay to suit their local conditions. Efforts should be made to improve the standard of education in general schools.
Education for Social, Moral and Spiritual Values Centre and State Governments should adopt measures to introduce education in moral, social and spiritual values in all institutions under their or local authority control based on the recommendations of the University Education Commission and the Committee on Religious and Moral Instruction.
The educational administration can hasten diffusion of new teaching methods for bringing out elasticity by combining permissiveness and persuasion, approaching new methods according to the ability of schools, giving necessary in-service training to teachers through workshops, seminars, refresher courses, demonstrations etc. Teachers and students should be actively kohari in organizing literacy campaigns, especially as part of the social and National Service Program.
Pakrashi, Grace Tucker, P. It has the following benefits: Working Group on School Curriculum This group had one of the major tasks of the commission which included the design and development of a standardized curriculum to be used across the country.
In developing Hindi as the link language, due care should be taken to ensure that it will serve, as provided for in Article of kotjari Constitution, as a medium of expression for all the elements of the composite culture of India.
However, the execution of these plans expresses the inherent weakness due to which the expected success was not being achieved. The number of instructional days in a year should be increased to about or 39 weeks for schools and for colleges and pre-primary schools.
Board of Higher Secondary Education. Fill in the blanks with appropriate word.