This practical coursebook introduces all the basics of semantics in a simple, step- by-step fashion. Each unit includes short sections of. This elementary coursebook has been carefully planned to introduce students by discovering the value and fascination of studying semantics, and move on to. : Semantics: A Coursebook (): James R. Hurford, Brendan Heasley, Michael B. Smith: Books.

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The Edinburgh University Faculty of Arts research fund for grants to pay for the typing of the book.

T I Courswbook 8 If someone says, ‘Can you pass the salt? Aim to get your students to see the concepts outlined in this book not just as ends in themselves, to be mastered rote-fashion, but as giving them a set of agreed-upon tools for discussing more advanced issues of meaning in language.

Practice Are the following expressions referring expressions? Yes I No 3 Is it a fact that the state of Arkansas is ccoursebook by human beings?

Semantics: A Coursebook

Yes I No 4 In normal conversation, if a person was recounting some story, would he usually begin a narrative using she without indicating in advance who he was talking about? An Introduction Ronnie Cann Limited preview – In this sense, a proposition is an object of thought. Pick out by underlining all the expressions which clearly refer to something the reader is supposed to be aware of at the point in the passage where they occur, i.

Virtue is its own reward Now read it out loud again. He is spared the physical labour and inconvenience of experiments or expeditions to ascertain facts – he can do semantics from his armchair.

Johnpersonal pronouns e. Example The word bank has at least two senses. Example The whale is a mammal understood in the most usual way is a generic sentence. It is on these other words that we shall now concentrate. Feedback 1 By finding in the room an object to which the predicate contained in the subject referring expression i. Bush Practice All of the following sentences contain a variant of the verb be. The present unit will act as a bridge between the preceding units on reference and the following units on sense, introducing several notions, including extension and prototype, which in certain ways bridge the conceptual and theoretical gap between sense and reference.

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People do not converse wholly in tokens of wellformed sentences. Is it possible to refer in conversation to the cat I had as a child? Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. Note that facts about times and places very distant from the time and place of the utterance itself can be part of the context of that utterance, if the topic of conversation happens to be about these distant times and places.

Semantics : a coursebook / James R. Hurford and Brendan Heasley – Details – Trove

Studying semantics should considerably sharpen this skill. Many lexical items in the world’s languages have very abstract meanings. You first call your parents, then the police, to report the accident.

Two different expressions can have the same referent. But in each case it is possible to discern one word or part of a word which ‘carries more meaning’ than the others. Example Ronald is foolish, Ronald is a fool Timothy is afraid of cats, Timothy fears cats My parrot is a talker, My parrot talks Comment We conclude this unit by discussing one special relation, the identity relation.

For better or for worse, this puts us in a different literary genre from Through the Looking Glass. If you study linguistics, I recommend hurfotd book as a good introduction to xemantics.

In many cases they parallel similar practices in the first edition of the textbook, but there are often additional exercises and study questions that go beyond this earlier material in order to encourage the student hyrford think coursebookk the issues from a somewhat broader perspective. Yes I No 6 How must the correctness of a map ultimately be checked?

It follows from our definition of definiteness p. Considered objectively, the referent of a referring expression e. In the light of the preceding questions, does the reference of an expression vary according to a the circumstances time, place, etc. Someone else could in fact be guilty of killing her. Speculate about what it could mean, and don’t be concerned if your answer is quite abstract. The is traditionally called the definite article, and a the indefinite article. Yes I No I’ll be back later and I will return after some time 2 Is the answer to the previous question obvious to a normal speaker of English?

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We turn now to the case of definite noun phrases. Yes I No 5 Is forty buses, used in ‘Forty buses have been withdrawn from service by the Liverpool Corporation’, a referring expression? The semanticist needs to be able to think in abstractions. Basic ideas in semantics.

Furthermore, a proposition is not a process, whereas a thought can be seen as a process going on in an individual’s mind. In our definition of deixis, ‘time of utterance’ and ‘place of utterance’ must generally be taken very flexibly Sometimes these are interpreted very broadly, and sometimes very narrowly and strictly.

The idea is best shown by examples. If there is a discrepancy between your answer and the feedback given, revisit the explanations cousebook the book to try to understand where you went wrong. We give an example in the next exercise.

We mention this because some semanticists, including almost all compilers of dictionaries, would regard bank, for example, as several different words. That pretest is a great xoursebook for checking your progress and ensuring that you understand the concepts being presented. Practice Are the following predicates?

Yes I No 4 Can the verb hit ever be used as a referring expression? It seems to be late’ 13 A: In the kitchen is not a sentence. Practice 1 We reproduce below a passage from Alice in Wonderland. I meant ‘there’s a nice knock-down argument for you!

Practice Mark each of the following statements true T or false F.