This is a reprint of the English Translation of the Nyaya Sutras of Gautama by Mm . Dr. Ganganatha Jha, the versatile Sanskrit scholar who will ever be. Where There’s Smoke There’s Fire: Gautama’s Nyāya-Sūtra. Posted on 10 December The Nyāya-Sūtra inaugurates a tradition of logical and. Nyaya: Gautama’s Nyaya-sutra, with Vatsyayana’s commentary (Indian philosophy in its sources) [Gautama (Authority on Nyayasastra)] on *FREE*.

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This we deny, because action is non-eternal. Discutient — The scripture which is a verbal testimony declares the existence of soul. The similarity in a high degree exists between such well known objects as a cow and a bos gavaeus, etc. If you do not admit that one is different from another simply because there is some similarity nyayx them, then we should have only one kind of quibble.

Presents ways to produce and maintain correct knowledge, Need to seek and converse with those with knowledge. More- over we attribute to sound the properties of an artificial object, e.

So in res- pect of letters there is no fixity as to the original materials of their modi- fication. In the Sarvadarsanasamgraha Nyfiya philosophy is called the Aksapdda system.

The Nyaya-Sutras Of Gautama: With The Bhasya Of Vatsyayana And The Vartika Of Uddyotakara

A person wavers and doubts if certain statements are advanced to him by one of two parties, but opposed by the other party. Smell is the object of nose and the prominent quality of earth, taste is the object of tongue and quality of water, colour is the object of eye and quality of light, touch is the object of skin and quality of air, and sound is the object of ear and quality of ether.

A discutient is one who engages himself in a disputation as a means of seeking the truth]. Fuhrer’a Pabhosa inscriptions in Epigraphia lndica, Vol. However, the Nyayasutras and early Nyaya scholars rejected this hypothesis, and were non-theistic or atheists. There is no intervening distance which the fruit can traverse at the so-called present time.

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Every creature is born with some desires which are associated with the things enjoyed by him in the past life. Other historical Indian commentaries and works inspired by Nyayasutras and which have survived into the modern era, include Nyaya-varttika by 6th-century Uddyotakara, Nyaya-bhasyatika by 6th-century Bhavivikta, another Nyaya-bhasyatika by 7th-century Aviddhakarna, Nyaya-bhusana by 9th-century Bhasarvajana, Nyaya-manjari by 9th-century Kashmir scholar Jayanta Bhatta, Nyaya-prakirnaka by 10th-century Karnata scholar Trilocana, and Nyaya-kandali by 10th-century Bengal scholar Sridhara.

Contact is not the cause because we do not per- ceive the ray. The affirmative application, which is expressed by the word “so,” occurs when the example is of an affirmative character.

Please write feedback here Here you can read media articles about the Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia which have been published all over the world. The Veda, some say, is unreliable as it involves the faults of untruth, contradiction and tautology. Activity is that which makes the voice, mind and body begin their action. The mark of the mind is that there do not arise in the soul more acts of knowledge than one at a time.

Full text of “The Nyaya Sutras of Gotama”

This general notion enables us on all subsequent occasions to recognise individual cows. By this we can conjecture that there is ray in the eye of man. But by the same argument we are afraid that non-perception of gautamx cause of inaudition would mean constant audition.

Two miles to the east of the village there is another village named Alfalya- sthana where between a pair of trees lies a slab of stone identified with Ahalya in her accursed state. But such a conclusion is absurd: When we say that there will be a jar, we perceive the mark of non-existence of the jar in the halves which are destined to compose it. The allied Jain and on the system as a whole. We do not know whether the whole of the Nyaya-Sutra, as it exists at present, was the work of Aksapada, nor do we know for certain whether his teachings were committed to writing by himself or transmit- ted by oral tradition only.

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A popular IntroductionNew Delhi: The example ” soul ” possesses a character heterogeneous to that which is implied in the reason, viz. The objection runs thus: Moreover, the denial itself cannot be established, iiyou deny all means of right knowledge.

Hence verbal testimony is not inference. This definition is said to be defective because it dees not notice the conjunction of soul with mind, and of mind with sense, which are causes of perception. Similarly, if you perceive a part of a thing you are said to perceive the thing. Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. There is, some say, no soul other than the mind because the arguments which are adduced to establish the ” soul” are applicable to the mind.

In some of these cases, states Nyayasutras, correct knowledge is formulated by the principle of cumulative evidence. Nyaya-Vfirtika tatparya-tika by Vficaspati Altera. We maintain that repetition is possible even if the things repeated are ” other” or different. Samhita Brahmana Aranyaka Upanishad. Some say that there is no such thing as other- ness because what is called ” other” in reference to some other is.

II Udyotakara’s Nyiiyavartika, opening lines. For instance, a thing which is screened from us by a wall is not perceived by our eyes. Re-inculcation is supposed by some to be a fault inasmuch as it does not, according to them, differ from tautology.

Suppose you deny a tiling because it is not perceived.

Ballantyne, who handed down the task to his pupil Mahamahopadhyaya P. We are offering with great pleasure to the interested readers this reprint of the great work in response to the increasing demand of the scholars and believe that it will be received in a befitting manner. A word noun does not denote an individual because there is no fixation of the latter.

If sound were eternal it would be perceived before pronunciation.