Learn more about the Gulper eel – with amazing Gulper eel videos, photos and facts on Arkive. Eurypharynx pelecanoides is a species of deep-sea marine eel in the family Eupharyngidae with an extraordinarily large expanding mouth, extremely long jaws. Range Description: Eurypharynx pelecanoides is circumglobally distributed in tropical and temperate waters. Recent records include the Gulf of Mexico.
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It is also referred to as the pelican eelpelican gulperand umbrella-mouth gulper.
Eurypharynx pelecanoides, Pelican eel
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range – m Ref. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Families Cyematidae, Eurypharyngidae and Saccopharyngidae. Gulper eel The mouth of the Gulper Eel can open wide enough to swallow long things much larger than the eel itself.
Moderate to high vulnerability 54 of The gulper eel Eurypharynx pelecanoides is a deep-sea fish rarely seen by humans, though it is occasionally caught in fishing nets. The gulper eel also has a very long, whip-like tail.
Summary page Point data Common names Photos. Acta Zoologica Stockholm 70 3: Egg cells within each of the gonads have the same developmental stage monocyclic ovaries suggesting only one spawning during its lifetime or periodic spawning Ref. Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Collaborators Pictures Stamps, Coins Misc. They are ray-finned fish, and only resemble eels in appearance.
Embed this Arkive thumbnail link “portlet” by copying and pasting the code below. Evolution of the deep-sea gulper eel mitochondrial genomes: Feeding Feeds on a variety of mesopelagic and bathypelagic prey including crustaceans, fishes and squid, by engulfing them in the enormous mouth.
Eurypharyngidaewith Comments on Reproductive Strategy. Eurypharyngidae Deep sea fish Fish described in When it feeds on prey, water that is ingested is expelled via the gills. Information on the gulper eel is currently being researched and written and will appear here shortly. The eel can swim into large groups of shrimp or other crustaceans with its mouth wide open, scooping them up as it goes.
Eurypharynx pelecanoides, 90 cm head pdlecanoides tail. Mouth greatly enlarged by a backward extension of jaws, gape comprising half or more of preanal length; buccal cavity greatly distensible.
The skull is tiny in comparison with the huge mouth and jaws. Entered by Binohlan, Crispina B. Te Papa Press Vol. Despite the great size of the jaws, which occupy about a quarter of the animal’s total length, it has only tiny teeth, which would not be consistent with a regular diet of large pwlecanoides. Features Dorsal fin —; Anal fin —; Pectoral fin about 11; Vertebrae — The mouth of the Gulper Eel can open wide enough to swallow long things much larger than the eel itself.
Pectoral fin reduced, low on side just behind gill opening; scales absent, body covered in soft black velvety skin; lateral line present but without pores.
Meso- to abyssopelagic Ref. Check-list of the Fishes of the Eastern Tropical Atlantic.
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Molecular Biology and Evolution Tail attenuated and ending in an expanded, luminous caudal organ. Pelican eels lack scales and are covered in black velvety skin. Retrieved from ” https: A bizarre deep-water eel with an enormous mouth, extremely long jaws, pore-like gill openings and a very expandable pharynx and stomach. Many researchers believe that the eels die pelecanoies after reproduction.
The gulper eel uses its long whip-like tail for movement. Share this image — Hide sharing options. This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. Authentication This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible.
The end of the tail bears a complex organ with numerous tentacles, which prlecanoides pink and gives off occasional bright-red flashes. AfricachimpanzeeconservationfilmIn the Fieldlab chimpsLiberiaPrimatesprimatologyrehabilitationtrue storywildlifewildlife filmWildscreen Festival.
As they mature, the males undergo a change that causes enlargement of the olfactory organs, responsible for the sense of smell, and degeneration of the teeth and jaws. The Pelican Eel is peldcanoides only known member of the genus Eurypharynx and the family Eurypharyngidae. Sign up to our newsletter Get the latest wild news direct to your inbox.