Dressel 1to 6: wine amphoras; Dressel 1: Roman wine amphora, B.C. to 13 A.D.; Dressel 2: Roman wine amphora, 16 B.C. to 29 A.D.; Dressel 3: Roman. An amphora is a type of container of a characteristic shape and size, descending from at least .. The first type of Roman amphora, Dressel 1, appears in central Italy in the late 2nd century BC. This type had thick walls and a characteristic red . Distinctive Features. This was the most common type of late Republican Roman amphora. Following an early classificatory scheme by Lamboglia (), the.
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Amphora Types According to Dressel
But although the form had a long history, its floruit came in the last decades BC and in the 1st century AD. Progress is being made on the definition of provincial versions. The condition of the amphora sherds is much altered from their original state. As with the identification of Dressel 1 sherds, a specific figure had to be selected as diagnostic to make sure that the recording was consistent.
It finds further expression in the relative numbers of Dressel 1 and Dressel shipwrecks, with nearly twice as many Dressel 1 shipwrecks as those with Dressel There is a growing recognition that progress on the satisfactory subdivision of Dressel 1 depends on the publication of detailed measurements of selected features of each amphora. Results have been encouraging and, when applied to the Elms Farm material, a Dressel 8 rim Figureno. Retrieved from ” https: There are also some rarer special types of neck amphora, distinguished by specific features, for example:.
In view of this, the writer has followed the example of Laubenheimer36 in her report on the Dressel 1 amphoras from the 19th-century excavations at Mont Beuvray and simply described the Elms Farm material as Dressel 1. The thick walls of Dressel 1 made it a heavy container and the potters who made its replacement went to the other extreme and produced a form with thin and fragile walls.
File:Amphora Dressel 1B.svg
In addition, further light has been shed on burnt amphoras in a funerary context from Lamadelaine, a 1st century BC cemetery next to the Titelberg oppidum and not far from Clemency and Goeblingen-Nospelt Metzler-Zens et al.
The Dressel 1A was also produced along the Mediterranean coast of north-eastern Spain viz. The ultimate destination of many of these exports may have been the Roman armies based in Gallia Belgica, Free Germany or the Rhineland, at a time when the local economies were struggling to support this new imposition.
Three illustrated rims have iron ore inclusions Figurenos 65, 69 and AD look residual, at least on the Palatine Hill. Most amphora fabrics were identified by hand lens; occasional use was also made of a binocular microscope.
Their fabric normally has abundant red pellets, but the sherds have lost these inclusions from their outer surfaces to give sherds a pitted and vesicular appearance. Table 8 gives details of the dates of the illustrated rims from Elms Farm, along with the dates that can be assigned to them on the basis of these charts.
Most were produced with a pointed base to allow upright storage by embedding in soft ground, such as sand. It is found among them as early as the first half of the 1st century BC, and, under Augustus, this new component of funerary ritual seems to have reached Heybridge to give us an insight into links between a community in Britain and a specific canton of Gaul.
The condition of the sherds from all five features can best be explained by exposure to intense heat, in this case from funeral pyres. Much lies hidden in the tantalising references to diplomatic relationships between Britons and Rome under Augustus and Tiberius Res Gestae 32; Strabo 4.
Even sherds from the junction of neck and body can be diagnostic of form because the body often falls away from the neck without any shoulder feature at all. Images about history and nature. Only the large white inclusions and golden mica flecks allowed the identification of the fabric. The pelike was introduced around the end of the 6th century BC. The generally lighter construction of the form compared to Dressel 1 and Dressel 20 in dreesel means Dressel data expressed in terms of sherd count and sherd weight seriously under-represent their importance.
Archives: Amphora: Details of Dressel 1
Heather and reeds might be used as packing around the vases. Civilian and native Heybridge is a reminder that this was not the whole story for olive oil consumption in Roman Britain.
On other handles, the figure-of-eight section is formed by making a groove on one or both of the sides of an otherwise oval handle. The congruence of the fabric with Dressel 20 shows that Haltern 70 came from the same regions of Baetica in Roman Spain see below. Pascual 1 at Elms Farm: The current debate on Dressel 1 typology is outlined in the archive. The writer has also seen the fabric in one of the Dressel amphoras from Colchester Symonds and Wadefig.
In the 2nd century at Elms Farm half a Dressel 20 amphora had been buried upside down in pit Group Figureno. The necks of amphorae are narrow for pouring by a person holding it by the bottom and a handle. There a rim and body sherds were securely stratified with Dressel 1 amphoras in the north-east of the c. Exports of wine from Tarraconensis were in decline in the second half of the 1st century AD Corsi-Sciallano and Liou Although no animal bones survived, the presence of an imported mortarium, a Pompeian-red ware cooking dish, a Central Gaulish flagon, as well as a wealth of imported and locally copied amphpra and beaker forms see KPG5 show that we are dealing with the preparation and serving of food and drink.
On the Peacock viewthe treaty arrangements between Caesar and the Trinovantes in 54 BC coincided with a drastic attenuation of wine imports to Hengistbury Head and neighbouring dresesl in central southern Britain after the revolt of the Veneti.
A more-or-less complete specimen found nearby in the 19th century at Bouchernes Farm may have come from a rich cremation grave Wickendenfig. Sherds of the form are present in Iron Age contexts from Ceramic Phase 2 c.