Welcome. db4o is the native Java,.NET and Mono open source object database. This tutorial was written to get you started with db4o as quickly as possible. This documentation and tutorial is intended to get you started with db4o and to be a reliable The db4o object database engine consists of one single jar file. Introduction; Query by Example; Updates and identity; A search utility method; Advanced queries; Native queries in db4o; In conclusion.

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The port parameter specifies the network port number. We’ll need tutoriao second pilot, too. So, when you tutoria Rollback you will not see any difference to your objects. While you read through this tutorial it may be helpful to look into the API documentation occasionaly. Developers are encouraged to use the Native Query interfaces when working with db4o. As you’ll see in a second, however, SODA is generally only necessary for hand-optimizing queries.

It looks like this: So far you’ve seen how to query for individual objects, or objects that meet a particular criteria.

The busy Java developer’s guide to db4o: Queries, updates, and identity

Java developers in particular are frustrated with the so-called object-relational impedance mismatch, and impatient with the solutions that attempt to resolve it. Links Here are some further links on developer. This avoids possible concurrency issues of Lazy evaluation.

Failing to tutoriao these libraries will not generate an error of any kind but will simply cause every native query to be unoptimized.

Queries, updates, and identity

Developers can find this out, but only in a passive fashion, using the listeners described in this section.

This section shows you a solution based on using the Reflection APIs to poke the right values into the right fields, as well as suggesting ways to tune the solution for various preferences and aesthetics. ObjectContainer represents “The Database”, and will be your primary interface to db4o.


As explained in the section on Dealing with Object Activation, the ActivationDepth controls how much data is loaded when an tutoriaal is retrieved from the database. Practically speaking, this means you have to be more careful about objects-in-memory-versus-objects-in-storage when working with an object database.

I then iterate through an array of Strings that have the fields in them, getting back each Field object in the Class. Higher values should be used to debug ActivationDepth-related issues only. ObjectContainer object is also an com. Added to tutoriak other constraint keyword, this will reverse the result.

For strings, matches will start with the supplied value. The third option is to create a query language that can then be used to query the database’s object model. In particular, I’ll introduce the various mechanisms available for retrieving, modifying, and ttutorial objects back into db4o. It will not undo changes to any currently loaded objects. The Object Database Tutorisl arrived in the software industry with the advent of object oriented languages. NET version of db4o, whereas the Java version optimizes the statement away.

Use the Visual Studio “Add Reference” command to add the necessary assemblies.

Intuition isn’t always sufficient for anticipating a failure to optimize because the reasons can be entirely different from what a code review would imply. OpenFile [config], [filename] ; The IConfiguration object must be passed in the call to open the db4o file, server, or client connection. When dealing with objects that may have relations to other objects quite deep think of the path of data from Customer to Order to OrderItem to Product with relations to Address objects for billing and shipping and then PO and payment transactions it would be quite expensive to have to pull all of that data into memory from the DB if all you wanted was the Fb4o object.


MaxValue will cause db4o to descend as deeply as possible to look for changes. LINQ Queries have tutotial the benefit of compiler checking and automated code refactorability that Native Queries have, but are expressed in syntax more familiar to SQL developers.

Visual Studio or better is suggested for the best experience, but any. Higher values should be used to debug UpdateDepth-related issues only. For string values, behaves as Like. Setting the ActivationDepth to 0 will cause nothing to be activated.

In Listing 2, I create a half dozen of objects, place them into a file, and then use QBE to call up the two objects whose first names match the pattern “Brian. NQ can do all this because they are expressed as native.

SODA query expressions are a standard that was present in all but the earliest versions of db4o. Or, again, you could tweak the method to return the instance found, so that the Person instance had its OID appropriately associated, and so on. We will use a convenience method listResult to display the contents of our result: Should multiple field values be specified, then all the field values must be met by the object in the database for the candidate object to meet the query criteria; in essence, this means that the fields are “AND”-ed together to form the query predicate.

Start with a look at my admittedly primitive database. UpdateDepth [depth] ; The default value 1 means db4o will not descend into child objects when tutkrial stored object instances.

WriteLine in C causes the optimizer to fail in the.

Snapshot Best for servers and concurrent environments. The drawback of OQL is that it wants to return