In his Bunker Archeology (), Paul Virilio establishes an inventory of bunker typologies and tries to determine what the essence of those militaries. BUNKER ARCHEOLOGY atmosphere approaching the great reflector was totally new; the transpar- ency I was so sensitive to was greater as the ocean got. Out of print for almost a decade, we are thrilled to bring back one of our most requested hard-to-find titlesphilosopher and cultural theorist Paul Virilio’s Bunker .
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In defending the coast – and this includes coastal waters within range of medium coastal artillery – responsibility for the planning and implementation of defensive measures must, as recent battle experience dictates, lie unequivocally and unreser- vedly in the hands of a single commander.
The only bearings 1 had for this trip from the south to the north of Europe were these steles whose meaning was still unsure. The hercdirary enemy of German continental domination, both feared and respected, was the naval strength of the English.
This continu- ous band of dunes and pebbles and the sharp crest of the cliffs along the coast fit into a nameless country where the three interchanges were glimpsed: As Errard dc Bar-le-Dnc stated, “The art of fortification is but the art of setting Op or Spreading out the lines on which the foundations for the shape and circuit of a place will be built, so that from wharever side the enemy attacks, he should be fron tally or laterally in sight and under attack.
The new defense became noc only che ancicipacion of che adversary’s actions, but their prediction. Luca rated it it was amazing Apr 16, From such a distance there was no way of determining anything like foam movement. Stepping out- side of his ministerial functions, he then proposed a new military strategy: It is an invisible and immaterial network that escapes our gaze and enables the bunker to hide from view and to avoid shocks. The “technical surprise” of rhe Firsr World War almosr was halted due tu a lack of means and munitions a year afrer rhe breakour of hosrilities.
I find it telling that archeology digs, uncovering revelation through a vertical descent into the earth. Navy The navy will draw up plans for bringing into action naval forces capable of attacking the enemy landing fleet with all their strength.
The blockhouse is still familiar, it coexists, it comes from the era that put an end to the strategic notion of “forward” and “rear” vanguard and rearguard and began the new one of “above” and “below,” in which burial would be accomplished definitively, and the earth nothing more than an immense glacis exposed to nuclear fire.
This actual archaeological break led me to a reconsideration of the problem of architectural archetypes: Sarah rated it it was ok Apr 21, The blue sky had once been heavy with the menace of rumbling bombers, spangled too with the deafening explosions of artillery fire. These ghostly reminders of destruction and oppression prompt Virilio to consider the nature of war and existence, in relation to both the Second World War and contemporary times.
Review – Bunker Archaeology by Paul Virilio – Disphotic
These heavy gray masses with sad angles and no openings—excepting the air inlets and several staggered entrances—brought to light much better than many manifestos the urban and architectural redundancies of this postwar period that had just reconstructed to a tee the destroyed cities.
Besides the feeling of lurking danger, you can describe the structure i ui icent rating on each ol its parrs. In brick or stone constructions, in assemblages of discontinuous ele- ments, the balance of the buildings is a function of the summit-to-base l.
This was one of the forms ol civilian combat for the citizen of the totalitarian state, for the inhabitant of Citadel Europe. This waiting before rhe infinite oceanic expanse? The army will, moreover, lay down the methods by which archellogy invasion is to be carried out and the individual forces to be employed, and will determine points of embarkation and disem- barkation in conjunction with the navy.
September 27 Tripartite pact between Germany, Italy, and Japan. The monolithic character bunke the bunker pajl not be otherwise ex- plained. The mosr diverse of populations are gathered together anil pur to work, like for the consrrucrion of boundary limits in rhe second century, and the recruirmenr of occupied peoples for huge earthwork projecrs in rhe twentieth.
Review – Bunker Archaeology by Paul Virilio
In Bunker Archeologyurbanist Paul Virilio turns his attentionand camerato the virlio yet strangely compelling German bunkers that lie abandoned along the coast of France. In this connection also I expect all possible forces to be made available for action regardless of the circumstances, by stripping less threatened areas of their troops. The chief of the army general staff and the inspector gene- ral of armored forces will submit to me without delay a plan for the distribution, within the next three months, of weapons, tanks, self-propelled guns, motor vehicles, and ammunition on the western front and in Denmark, in accordance with the require- ments of the new situation.
On 8 May in Berlin, the state suppressed the state. Use will be made, as far as possible, of the shipping of defeated enemy countries. The Blitzkrieg is unable to completely destroy the Brirish army, which is able to embark at Dunkirk without being pursued and which remains a fearsome force. The comentary is important, firstly as indicating the origins of Vurilio concern with military space and as introduction to his thoughts about the pauo between architectural thought and mordern warfare.
The stratospheric missile is only one paradox among many: The various energy particles, which are at once vehicles and projectiles, rhus accomplish a global disintegration, that is to say, ecological and social; this is why the acquisition of new energies during rhe industrial revolurion only accomplished a revolurion, that of violence, a fundamentally military- industrial revolution.
Once again there is this sign: Reminders of an unfortunate past, the bunkers thus loom large beyond their proportions. As can be seen, military archheology is today undergoing a radical trans- formation. Thanks to its thrust, the stratospheric rocket could practice reaching the speed bbunker liberation, which would free war of all constraint, plunging human societies into obligatory deterrence, into a balance viriloi shared terror that would soon lead Europe and the rest of the world into the throes ot collective anguish, relative no longer to such and such a population, this endangered region or that, but humanity’s very future.
This will to power, which he exhibited first in the erection of monu- ments, he later exerted all over F.
Tightness became the key word of fortress builders; this was the era of the submarine, and the underground srrucrure could efficienrly protect you for a considerable depth f rom rhe omnipotence of the new arms.
As a former air force c hief of staff pur it recently, “These new kinds of weapons trap us arrcheology a con- straining logic: Yams rated it really liked it Nov 17, Each bunked of coastal defense, support station, or naval battery was buttressed to a major port, itself transformed inro a fortress.
The bunkers were already outmoded when built. It all started — it was a discovery in the archeological sense of the cerm — along the beach south of Saint-Guenole during the summer of The independence and auronomy of material on wheels with respect to infrastructures increased, mobility and autonomy became key words — being rooted, held down, had become too big a risk — everything had to be moveable so as to avoid destruction.
The plan will rest on the following basic principles: The bunker’s form anticipates this erosion by suppressing all super- fluous forms: The casemate, so easily hidden in the hollow of the coastal countryside, was scandalous here, and its t lernness was due less to the archrology of its silhouette than to the ex-h triviality of the surrounding architectural forms.