connected, and political theory has a religious and theological motivation. That implies “Al-Mawardi’s Theory of the Caliphate”, Sir Hamilton Gibb has pointed. Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi known in Latin as Alboacen ( CE), was an Islamic jurist of the Shafi’i school most remembered for his works on religion, government, the caliphate, and public and constitutional law during a time of political turmoil. the Mu’tazila school of thought, the great (orthodox) Shafi’i jurist al-Subki (d. /) start a discussion philosophically about political ethics and Muslim character First, al-Mawardi influenced by philosophical thought.

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In other words, the management of the State machinery is of basic importance to him. To al-Mawardi moral degradation secondly if he becomes interested in worldly affairs. Female is not in poolitical to become imam. Moreover, he assembled his ideas in writing; therefore his book Al-Ahkam at-Sultaniyah became a standard work of reference on political and administrative practices. This practice of appointing two or more politifal apparent proved to be the greatest political evil in Muslim polity.


A problem in his idea is that Al-Mawardi stresses on the rights and prerogatives of the caliphs but ignores rights and obligations of the people. He must look into the foreign policy very carefully and sagaciously, so that relations with other neighboring states must be cordial.

The Abbasid Caliphs fetched the reign of the Islamic empire, killed these ideas altogether and the concept of the covenant was completely forgotten. Tuesday, August 27, By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

The moral change is of two kinds: The Muslim jurists, political thinkers, statesmen and diplomats invented a political theory which affected a superficial and sophisticated compromise between the two forces. Thus when he tries to demonstrate that the Imam should not indulge in luxurious living and he reminds the readers of the order which God gave to the Prophet David A.

He was not only a distinguished judge but also a distinguished author. The difference between the Wazir and the Imam himself is that the Wazir of Delegation is not empowered to appoint anyone as his successor and the Imam, the highest authority; can dismiss the officers appointed by him.


Chapter 36: Al-Mawardi

Al-Mawardi describes that the real objective of the state mwaardi the rule of justice and truth and to bring tranquility and peace to its inhabitants. Still others assert that only five persons are sufficient to elect the Imam. The defense of the frontiers against foreign invasions to guarantee the security of life and property to Muslims and non-Muslims both in the Islamic State.

But with all the good points that can be said about Al-Mawardi, he had one short-coming, he was not a political thinker, and hence could not evolve a philosophic conception of the state. A coward or weak person is never in position to fight with social and political evils and events.

Fifthly, honest and temperate. thdory

When polirical hd come, a public assembly was held where the Caliph delivered one of the most important addresses of his life. The society tried to reflect the principles of Islamic life politicap polity, while the state tried to emulate the traditions and ways of Byzantine and Sassanid empires.

The Holy Quran aims at creating an ideal society in which good predominantly prevails over evil and in which the laws of God are generally practiced and obeyed. Khushal 20 July at The emperor or Caliph became the spiritual and temporal head of the state, his wishes and whims became law, and he was responsible to none.

The Imam can appoint the Electoral College as well as the persons who may contest for the Imamate. But al-Mawardi is not alone in this respect, for this is the agreed opinion of Sunnite jurists and theologians. Weakness in organs and senses is to inversely influence administration. He may be nominated by the ruling Imam In the first case some scholars hold that Imam must be elected by all the members of the Electoral College in all the cities; others oppose mzwardi view and say that Caliph Abu Bakr was elected by the citizens of Medina.

Some authors make the claim that his family was Kurdish, [1] a claim which is unsubstantiated. His supervision is must for the cause of justice. The people of the Islamic state must revolt if: The Imam cannot withdraw the nomination until there occurs in this heir apparent some important change which invalidates him legally.

Al-Mawardi – Wikipedia

When a friend pilitical why he kept his books back he replied that it was because he felt that his motives in writing them were not as pure as he should have wished and that he did not know whether Allah rheory Almighty had accepted these literary offerings or not. Number ten has been chosen particularly because it is an auspicious and mystical number.


For four hundred years the Muslims were engaged in conquest and empire building, but they could not evolve any concrete pattern of government or administration. The Imam can nominate any suitable person as his successor, provided he does not happen to be his father or son. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions.

This practice during the reign of Abbasids engendered palace intrigues and induced destructive internecine wars and dynastic feuds. From religious point of view, wasiah is of prime importance.

When he was offered the office of Chief justice, he denied ppolitical the offer by saying people than him to work as CJ. Al-Mawardi, al-Akham al-Sultaniyyah, p. mmawardi

It paved way for further research. Select Translation Selections tueory It is called wasiah. It was this principle under which most of the feeble and incapable Caliphs took refuge.

If there is minister having the aforesaid qualities, he will assist the ruler and will work hard for the uplift of the people. He simply gave his personal opinion. But Al-Mawardi says that one person is enough to elect the Caliph.

The sovereignty rests in the people. His powers, pen and name is of prime importance. Only a small portion of the work is, however, devoted to political theory, the rest of it discusses the details of public administration and rules of government. It defined the proper dignity and status of men in this universe, his relations and obligations to God, and His privileges as the Lord of creation.

But when Abbasids came into power, it signaled the victory of the State polity over religious ideology. Therefore, only those who are not misers are to contest for this office.